Every person has two small adrenal glands that are located above each kidney. These glands are small, but are responsible for many important functions. Chemicals released by these glands help regulate a person’s blood pressure, hormones, glucose levels, and stress.
Disease of the adrenal gland is mostly benign, but at times can also include rare cancers. Most of the tumors on the adrenal gland are found by X-ray images like CT or MRI which were performed for other reasons. Sometimes these tumors are found because of the excess chemicals or hormones that they produce in the blood.
Surgery for the adrenal gland involves removal of the entire gland with the abnormality. This can be performed with an open procedure, or a minimally invasive procedure depending on the size of the tumor.